collapse therapy of pulmonary tuberculosis

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Baillie re, Tindall & Cox , London
Statementby John Alexander.
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Open LibraryOL13912577M

Between the s and s, approximately one third of patients with pulmonary TB underwent collapse therapy. Collapse therapies include: pneumothorax, phrenic paralysis, and thoracoplasties. It was thought that collapsing part of the lung would give the lung a rest and a chance to repair itself, and also that collapse would cut off the oxygen.

Get this from a library. The collapse therapy of pulmonary tuberculosis. [John Alexander; Reeves Medical Library,]. Collapse Therapy in Pulmonary Tuberculosis * J.

Singer * From the Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine and the Medical and Surgical Chest Service of Barnes Hospital, St.

by: 5. This improvement has been attributed to (1) a larger series which includes all forms of collapse therapy, (2) enlargement of the scope of our field work, (3) increase in the number of beds in our sanatorium, (4) well planned and well executed programs of the Louisville Tuberculosis Association and the Public and County School Health Units Cited by: 3.

Strictly, the title of this book is a misnomer. The author, together with the contributors, not only has considered those procedures which involve collapse of the lung but has completely covered the field of surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. The operative procedures are considered in the.

The history of collapse therapy and of the use of pulmonary resec- tion in tuberculosis [l, 31 is interesting but will not be covered in this review.

The history of the discovery and initial testing of the antituber- culosis drugs is also fascinating [Z]. Table 1 lists the procedures most commonly employed 25 years.

Therefore it is particularly fitting that he has brought together, in collaboration with three other physicians who are among the best in their specialties, all the available information on collapse therapy of pulmonary tuberculosis.

This book includes every phase of collapse therapy, as well as the history of the various surgical procedures. The lethal lesion in pulmonary tuberculosis is the tuberculous cavity. Persistent patency of a cavity after operation gives rise to a persistent positive sputum, this in its turn has a direct in-fluence on the expectation of life (Grenville-Mathers andTrenchard, ).

The value of collapse therapy in enablingCited by: 1. Collapse therapy was used widely in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis in the s, s, and s.

It involved therapeutic pneumothorax with multiple refills and extrapleural placement of various materials intended to occupy space and prevent expansion of the Cited by: With over 10 million new TB cases and million deaths, TB is a global health priority.

Multidrug-resistant TB is of particular concern to both clinicians and national TB programmes: inthere were new rifampicin-resistant cases and confirmed multidrug-resistant TB cases. Despite extensive investigation over the years, there is still a great deal to learn about the. STUDY OBJECTIVES: Collapse therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis involved placement of various materials to occupy space and keep the lung collapsed.

Complications are encountered decades later. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between andwe treated 31 patients with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis in whom collapse therapy had been used and Cited by: The collapse therapy of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Details collapse therapy of pulmonary tuberculosis FB2

By John Alexander, B.S., M.A., M.D., F.A.C.S., Professor of Surgery, University of Michigan, etc., with contributions. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious, infectious disease that attacks your lungs. People with the germ have a 10 percent lifetime risk of getting sick with TB.

When you start showing CT scan: an imaging test to check lungs for signs of an infection. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your password.

Europe PMC is an ELIXIR Core Data Resource Learn more >. Europe PMC is a service of the Europe PMC Funders' Group, in partnership with the European Bioinformatics Institute; and in cooperation with the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the U.S.

National Library of Medicine (NCBI/NLM).It includes content provided to the PMC International archive by participating publishers. Collapse and Expand: Architecture and Tuberculosis Therapy in Montreal, Article (PDF Available) in Technology and Culture 49(4) November with Reads.

pulmonary tuberculosis Infectious disease Infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which occurs primarily–85% of cases, US–in the lungs Epidemiology TB is spread by aerosol from coughing or sneezing by infected Pt Clinical 1º infection is usually asymptomatic, 95% of Pts–US recuperate without further evidence of disease; PT develops in immunocompromised Pts, generally within wks after.

Foreword / Esmond R. Long --Preface --Pulmonary tuberculosis: history, epidemiology, etiology, pathology, symptoms --The diagnosis of tuberculosis --Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis --Management of pulmonary tuberculosis and its complications --Antimicrobial therapy for tuberculosis --Collapse therapy and surgical treatment in tuberculosis.

X-rays are seen indicating treatment with collapse therapy a minor surgical procedure is seen. X-rays indicate for thoracoplasty.

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The procedure is then. History of Pulmonary Tuberculosis The Global Fight Against Tuberculosis Current Medical Management of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Surgical resection in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis Modern Collapse Therapy for Pulmonary Tuberculosis Nontuberculous mycobacteria: Epidemiology and the impact on pulmonary and cardiac disease.

This issue of Thoracic Surgery Clinics of North America, guest edited by Dr. John Mitchell, is devoted to Surgery for Pulmonary Mycobacterial Disease. Mitchell has assembled expert authors to review the following topics: Surgical treatment of pu.

The author has attempted an evaluation of collapse therapy jn moderately advanced pulmonary tuberculosis, using as material for study records of cases treated at the Trudeau Sanatorium.

The period of follow-up was not less than five years, and the collapse cases were compared with an equal number of moderately advanced cases not submitted to collapse treatment, chosen at random from cases Author: K.

Soderstrom. Recurrent pneumothorax is common in cavitory pulmonary tuberculosis, but it is extremely rare in miliary tuberculosis. A 25 year old female patient presented to us with the complains of shortness.

pulmonary tuberculosis cannot be subjected to hard and fast rules. (2) The limitations of the pneumoperitoneum as a method of pulmonary collapse therapy must be admitted, and the best way to check the effectiveness of the procedure is through the experience had with it by the physician ap.

Description collapse therapy of pulmonary tuberculosis PDF

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body.

Most infections show no symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis. About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those : Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Although there is no doubt that pneumoperitoneum is, in competent hands, a relatively safe procedure, well tolerated, free from serious complications and capable of favorably influencing the course of pulmonary tuberculosis in many patients, the final evaluation of a therapeutic procedure demands considerations not only of the immediate results but also of its ability to bring about a Cited by: 3.

Collapse therapy refers to the production of a pneumothorax on one side to treat pulmonary tuberculosis. It allows the lung on that side to be at rest.

Collapse therapy was popular in the preantibiotic era, but has been superseded by newer pharmaceutical practices. A " must" book for tuberculosis He advocates premarital chest x-rays.

workers is Dr. Max Pinner's Pulmonary The physiological principles of respiTuberculosis in the Adult. This work ration and the physiological and pathomaintains the high standard set by Rich logical principles of pulmonary collapse in his Pathogenesis of Tuberculosis, and are.

Original Article from The New England Journal of Medicine — The Results of Collapse Therapy in Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Since the advent of streptomycin, approximately seven years ago, and the other drugs effective in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, the overall therapy has undergone many startling changes.

The very broad topic headings of both collapse therapy and extirpative surgical therapy are discussed in concise terms. Tuberculosis (TB) is a multisystemic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (or TB, TB germs), a rod-shaped bacterium. TB (TB may stand for the disease or the bacteria that cause the disease) is the most common cause of infectious disease-related mortality worldwide (about 10 million people worldwide were sick with TB inand about million people died from TB.Pulmonary Tuberculosis Freeman Hall, MD included this image to represent a lung with chronic tuberculosis in his textbook "Tuberculosis".

The book was published by the Yonkerman Company of Minnesota and distributed free to physicians to educate physicians and patients about the disease.The authors report on a series of X-ray pictures [not reproduced in the paper] showing the results obtained by the combination of collapse therapy and streptomycin in advanced adulib cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (2 gm.

in six injections each day and gm. in all). Twelve cases have been treated so far, but in this paper the authors describe in detail the four most : Ch.

Mattei, P. Balozet, C. Mattei.